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What is Artificial Intelligence (AI)?

by Iwan Price-Evans on Machine Learning • May 31, 2022

Artificial intelligence (AI) is an area of computer science that deals with creating intelligent machines. It includes machine learning, natural language processing, robotics, and many other areas.

Artificial Intelligence is a broad term that refers to any technology that simulates human thinking or behavior. In simple terms, AI is a type of software that allows computers to think and act like humans.

The History of AI

AI was first developed by Alan Turing in 1950. He proposed a test called the “Turing Test” to determine whether a computer had achieved true artificial intelligence. In 1966, he published his paper titled “Computing Machinery and Intelligence.”

AI has been used for decades, but only recently has it become more accessible to everyday people. This accessibility has led to an explosion of interest in AI.

How Does AI Work?

There are two main ways that AI works: machine learning and neural networks.

  • Machine Learning: Machine learning uses algorithms to learn from data without being explicitly programmed. These algorithms use past experiences to predict future outcomes
  • Neural Networks: Neural networks are similar to biological brains. They consist of multiple layers of neurons that process information and make decisions based on previous inputs.

Types of AI

There are two main categories of AI: narrow AI and general AI.

  • Narrow AI refers to systems that focus on solving one particular problem.
  • General AI refers to systems that can solve any type of problem.

Applications of AI

In the future, we will see more applications of AI in our daily lives. We will also see an increased use of AI in cyber security, healthcare, education, transportation, manufacturing, and other areas.